2. Bring a Tripod
While it’s not strictly necessary, nature photography can often benefit from slow shutter speeds – and the use of a tripod. Long exposures require the use of a tripod to help prevent camera shake, and blurry images.
3. Use the Right Lens
Bring along the best lenses for the job. If you have a wide-angle lens, you’ll want to bring it with you, especially if you’re doing landscape photography. A telephoto lens is another great lens for nature photography, allowing you to get up close to elusive animals. You may also want to bring along a macro lens to capture close-up images of minuscule flowers, leaves, water droplets, and other micro subjects – although in a pinch, a telephoto can work to capture images that are fairly up-close.
4. Use a Filter
Filters are an often overlooked tool in nature photography, but adding a simple polarizer to your kit is a great way to capture photos with richer, deeper colors. A polarizing filter helps to darken light blue skies, rendering the sky a richer shade of blue. It also helps to reduce glare – which is especially useful when photographing bodies of water since it allows you to capture rocks and sand at the bottom in the shallows. A graduated neutral density (ND) filter is another great option for landscape images. When photographing images that include sky and foreground, the sky has a tendency to become washed out while the ground often appears underexposed. An ND filter essentially acts like sunglasses for your lens, allowing you to ensure that both the sky and ground are perfectly exposed.